30/07/12 - The National Measurement Institute (NMI) is the peak Australian measurement body responsible for biological, chemical, legal, physical and trade measurement. NMI is responsible for Australia's units and standards of measurement, and for realising these units of measurement through the development and maintenance of standards of measurement, reference materials and reference techniques. NMI also became responsible for trade measurement on 1st July, 2010, meaning it is now responsible for the full spectrum of measurement. This covers all aspects from peak primary standards of measurement to measurements made at the domestic trade level.NMI defines its vision and purpose as to deliver capability for measurement in Australia that: is world class increases national economic efficiency enhances export trade prospects empowers sound environmental regulation; and enables effective social and health policies.The Institute plays an important role in Australia's standards and conformance infrastructure, providing advice on measurement to other members such as the National Association of Testing Authorities, Standards Australia and the Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand.Key functions of NMI include meeting the measurement needs of government, industry and scientific organisations for calibration, measurement, analysis and training.The goals of the NMI are to: maintain Australia's measurement standards provide national leadership in measurement science lead global collaboration improve and develop its services grow research and development capability; and implement the national trade measurement system.As it is a research-based organisation, research is necessary to support all the functions of NMI. Research serves to support the continuous development of physical, chemical and biological measurement standards and techniques, ensuring NMI can meet advances in science and technology, in addition to the increasing demands of industry for greater measurement accuracy.Governments also require a broader range of measurements to fulfil their regulatory needs in matters such as food safety, the environment and trade.