OVER the past few years, automation has proven to be an important tool in the management of safety inspections. It enables effective identification of major OH&S risks.
In the past, many automation solutions offered ‘paper-based’ software, which produced paper work orders to perform field inspection. Once paper forms were returned to the office, they would be ‘manually’ entered and integrated with the software product.
The same concept applied to web-based solutions, which required paper work orders and computers to enter the data back onto the system.
In recent years, the role of handheld devices and PDAs (Personal Digital Assistant) has gradually increased from ‘toys’ used by early adopters, to day-to-day tools deployed by organizations that want to improve their staff’s productivity and minimize unnecessary administrative tasks.
Can a PDA (handheld device) automate safety inspections and replace paper work orders? Absolutely.
Most handheld devices operate on either the Palm Operating System (PalmOne) or Pocket PC (Microsoft), and both platforms can easily handle safety inspection and software.
Handheld devices should provide information that already exists on paper forms or on the desktop, and at the same time improve one’s ability to access and utilize the data.
For example, if a user fills out a monthly inspection report providing specific information, the handheld device should fulfils the same function. A handheld user can pick from a list of possible choices and/or write or type in information, according to the organization’s requirements and preferences.
Handheld devices make current, past, and future information accessible and easy to use. Handheld software should also be tailored towards OH&S personnel who need to perform their tasks using easy-to-use screens and functions.
Furthermore, by simplifying navigation buttons and minimizing keystrokes, inspectors can learn to operate their PDA software in a very short timeframe.
Handheld applications specifically designed for safety inspections should deliver the following functionalities:
* List all information required by inspectors to perform their tasks, including task list, activities, instructions, etc.
* Provide easy to use navigation, search capabilities and quick access to information.
* Allow inspectors to enter as much information as needed.
* Automatically track labour and apply it to timesheets (if applicable).
* Enable inspectors to record recommendations.
* Produce reports or invoices as required using portable printers.
Handheld devices can include validations that allow or disallow data entry. They can also provide the user with historical information pertaining to previous inspection report.
Handheld applications should also be designed to minimize the amount of data entry and keystrokes required by incorporating a variety of techniques, starting from pick lists, through check boxes, to look-up lists and automatically generated results and shortcuts.
Minimising the amount of data entry that the end user has to perform is recommended to improve speed, accuracy, efficiency, ease of use and cost.
Finally, handheld software should be able to run on multiple hardware platforms, providing flexibility and utilization of future technology without avoidable and costly software upgrades.
To maximise utilisation and return-on-investment, handheld applications should not be stand-alone. They should be designed from the outset to collect information, display and manipulate information, and transfer information to and from a desktop or server database and back to the handheld seamlessly.
The desktop/server application should provide a variety of operational and management functions including scheduling, tracking, management functions and reports, and analysis tools.
The means of data transfer between handheld devices and the database can be through a standard cradle, wired modem, infrared, Bluetooth, Email, or wireless communications.
Benefits of combining software with PDAs to perform safety inspections
Using handheld devices in conjunction with desktop/server software will automatically transfer data from the handheld to your database without the need for further data entry or data reformulation.
In addition, the use of such technology will:
* Improve operational efficiencies; Minimize unnecessary administrative tasks and data entry.
* Increase productivity and profitability; Enable effective completion of tasks; Simplify repeatable tasks and provide staff with easy to use tools that focus on performing tasks.
* Incorporate mechanisms to focus on exceptions and ensure proper execution of tasks, including automatic listing of activities, reminders, alerts, escalation procedures, and easy access to information.
* Ensure that inspection is performed according to warranties, guidelines and regulations.
* Improve controls and accountability leading to better quality of work.
How does a safety inspector find the right solution?
By following three simple steps, described below, inspectors can accelerate the selection process and ensure that their selection would fit their needs:
1. First, determine what you want the solution to do for you. Make sure you understand your current processes and information flow.
Try to answer the following questions:
• List things that work well within your current process and things that can improve. Focus on the process and NOT on software or computers.
• Prioritise potential improvement areas.
• Describe a short scenario where improvements can achieve your objectives. For example, minimise unnecessary administrative tasks such as remembering and rescheduling safety inspections, or eliminating unnecessary data entry.
At this point, you have gathered your requirements. Now try to answer the following:
• Who will use the system? How computer proficient are the users? (remember to separate field staff requirements from managers and supervisors).
• What are your procedures for paperwork flow? Will the software improve this flow or make it worse?
2. Next, evaluate features offered by different solution providers and compare them to your needs. Create a list of desired features so you can compare ‘apples-to apples’ without getting confused (or blindsided) by the different vendor presentations.
When reviewing brochures offered by vendors or when speaking with sales people, it is sometimes difficult to clearly identify the differences between the packages. However, certain packages offer significantly better value than their competitors, both in terms of functionalities, ease of use, and price.
The differences between the packages can be highlighted in the following areas:
• How comprehensive is their solution and their PDA software? Is it easy-to-learn and easy-to-use?
• How easily does the PDA integrate with the desktop/server component?
• Does the package enable efficient planning of safety inspection activities by using schedulers and alerts, and by automating repetitive tasks?
• Is the solution easy to use? Does it offer different levels to different users related to their responsibilities?
• Does the solution minimize unnecessary administrative tasks such as reminders and repetitive activities? For example, alerts, escalation procedures, and other exceptions should be automated and should alert users proactively. Regular inspection due dates should be automatically calculated based on schedules, etc.
• Does it include management functions, reports, queries and exceptions? Can the solution help planning and can it highlight problem areas?
3. Finally, determine the best value and fit; Include in your evaluation important factors such as the ability to tailor a solution to your needs and the cost of the solution.
Once you have created your short list of potential packages, look at the following factors to choose ‘the right solution for you’:
• Is the provider willing to tailor the solution to your needs if required?
• Can you customise settings, such as field aliases and screens available to each user?
• Will you be able to expand the use of the package without ‘hidden’ module charges,
costs and complexities?
• Does the package include future software releases, so when new and improved
features are added you will be receiving these upgrades without excessive additional
• And finally – is the solution within your budget?
Maintaining this focused approach is the best way to select a safety inspection package that is right for your needs. By taking the time to systematically research and evaluate your options, you avoid regretting hasty decisions later.
Finally, how much should it cost? The evaluation process described above should include cost estimates for such solutions.
However, you may also wish to evaluate the cost in terms of ROI (Return On Investment). Try to calculate your savings, in terms of minimising data entry efforts, speeding up information flow and information accuracy, Easy access to customer queries and audits, shortening the timeframe it takes to issue an invoice (if relevant), etc.
Once you have estimated your savings (tangible and intangible benefits), you can evaluate the amount of money you are willing to spend on such system. ROI should be between 6 and 12 months.
Techs4Biz develops and provides technology solutions for improving work-related activities and processes, combining software with handheld devices.