Load management is a critical factor in controlling peak electricity power demand. This is particularly important for multiple load users such as the glass manufacturing, heat treatment, food and plastics industries.
Eurotherm has considerable experience in these markets and developed a new power controller called EPower which incorporates a predictive load management function (PLM). This innovative function makes EPower highly effective in managing power demand.
Applications that have traditionally used resistive loads or phase angle firing can now be reconfigured to burst firing which Eurotherm claims will substantially reduce operational and energy costs.
The versatile new EPower controller which has been under development for 3 years can be used in true power, phase angle firing or burst firing modes to suit the particular application.
In the new energy conscious world, plants can save power by switching from phase angle to burst firing power control. The benefits can be significant, saving an average 1MW furnace more than $2,000 per month on energy costs.
The technology within the EPower controller cuts power demand and in so doing reduces costs by employing two techniques known as load sharing and load shedding.
In many applications the installed power exceeds the required power during normal operation.
However, this overcapacity can be manipulated by switching between loads over time in such a way that the power required from the network at any moment in time is lower than the installed power capacity.
In terms of load sharing, Eurotherm’s new EPower controller uses technology which ensures that a group of loads, up to a maximum of 63, can be switched on/off in such a way that the average power demand is evened out. This desynchronised switching of loads reduces the peak power demand typically experienced when, for example, a furnace is started up and electrical loads are switched on in a traditional synchronised fashion.
Eurotherm’s new technology then uses an efficient power function to further improve this demand profile.
In tests, this load sharing capability has been shown to boost the power efficiency factor of a plant (where 1 denotes maximum efficiency and zero minimum efficiency) from 0 the synchronised case, to 0.84 in the desynchronised case and 0.97 with efficient power.
This situation is further improved with the use of the new technology’s load shedding feature. This allows customers to define the maximum allowable peak demand.
Because this feature will actively reduce the power applied to certain loads it cannot be used in all circumstances. Nevertheless, it is ideal for manufacturers who have to control large thermal masses, for example those associated with a lehr.
Tests show that this function can reduce peak power demands during normal operation by 20%.
It is clear from this that load sharing and load shedding enabled through the EPower controller can bring substantial cost savings for multiple load users.
The level of such savings will depend on the rates and conditions imposed by different electricity supply organisations in different markets around the world.