A new white paper ‘Instrumentation for Produced Water Applications’ released by Endress + Hauser Australia describes the instrumentation required to clean up water produced from oil and gas wells.
Produced water refers to any water brought up to the surface during oil and gas production, typically as a result of drilling, exploration and hydraulic fracturing. Before disposing of or reusing the water, it must be treated to extract hydrocarbons and satisfy environmental code regulations.
Cleaning produced water costs 300 times more than cleaning municipal waste water and 3,000 times more than cleaning irrigation water. There is no universal treatment process since each water treatment system can vary based on the water quality and the environmental regulations for its reuse. However, basic requirements must be met when dealing with produced water.
Companies need to understand these factors to maximise their oil and gas production while containing costs and ensuring regulatory compliance.
This non-commercial white paper from Endress+Hauser explains the source of produced water, treatment processes and the instrumentation needed at every stage of the process.
Endress+Hauser is one of the world's leading suppliers of measuring devices, services and solutions for industrial process engineering.