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Vacuum pumps for oxygen applications

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Packaging using protective gas is a common method for increasing the shelf life of sausages and convenience products.


The film packaging used as part of this process must first be evacuated and the gas then drawn in. Carbon dioxide, nitrogen, oxygen or a mixture of these gases are normally used for this method, known as “modified atmosphere packaging” (MAP).


Treatment with oxygen involves a certain safety risk in the packaging process due to the risk of explosion in the case of concentrations of oxygen in excess of 21 percent.


Manufacturers of packaging machines and vacuum pumps have devised different safety concepts to ensure absolute safety in the implementation of this process.


Busch has developed a specialised series of vacuum pumps specifically for packaging in an oxygen atmosphere. These vacuum pumps are setting standards not only in terms of safety, but also in terms of reliability and economy. The oxygen version of Busch’s R 5 series of rotary vane vacuum pumps features state-of-the-art products as demonstrated by the following example.


For more than ten years now, one of the largest producers of sausage products in Germany, with a daily production capacity of over 100 tonnes, has used Busch rotary vane vacuum pumps for packaging its products.


In 1996, the vacuum supply was centralised. The central unit now in place supplies the vacuum for the thermoforming machines in 17 packaging lines on which sausage and meat products are packaged. On five additional tray sealing machines, convenience products are packaged using different protective gases, including oxygen. The vacuum packaging of these products is carried out by four identical rotary vane vacuum pumps from the oxygen version of the Busch R 5 series. These vacuum pumps are installed on a mezzanine directly above the packaging room.


The operators of these vacuum pumps have identified a clear advantage of the Busch models over standard vacuum pumps: if a power failure occurs and oxygen floods into the vacuum pump, the oxygen must not be allowed to come into contact with mineral oil.


For this reason, these vacuum pumps are operated using a fully synthetic lubricant, known as a perfluoropolyether (PFPE). These four Busch R 5 vacuum pumps in the oxygen version have been in three-shift operation for over ten years and achieve an average operating time of 6000 hours per year. Busch supplies the maintenance of these vacuum pumps - the rotary vane vacuum pumps undergo maintenance twice a year, a process that involves a number of different checks. When the actual maintenance process is performed, filter elements are replaced as a preventive measure. It is not necessary to replace the fully synthetic lubricant as perfluoropolyether is outstandingly inert and therefore does not form compounds with other materials such as oxygen. R 5 rotary vane vacuum pumps for oxygen applications are therefore lubricated for their full service lives.


This meat processing business follows a rigorous freshness policy in order to ensure that the time between producing the goods and the goods going on display at the retailer’s premises does not exceed 24 hours. Production must therefore also be performed on Saturdays, to ensure that fresh goods can be sold in the markets on Mondays. For the technical team, this means being able to fully rely on the vacuum pumps. If a pump were to break down, this would lead to a packaging line standing idle and consequently to a production shortfall with the potential for goods to spoil.

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